World War I

   


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MILITARY PAGES

The Civil War 
(12 Apr 1861 - 22 Jun 1865)

World War I
(28 Jul 1914 - 11 Nov 1918)

World War II
(01 Sep 1939 - 02 Sep 1945)

Korean War  

(25 Jun 1950 – 27 Jul 1953)

Vietnam War 
(01 Nov 1955 - 30 Apr 1975)

Gulf War
(17 Jan 1991 – 28 Feb 1991)

War on Terror

(07 Oct 2011 - Present)

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Our Family in World War I

 

 

28 Jul 1914 - 11 Nov 1918

LOCATION: Europe, Africa, the Middle East, the Pacific Islands, China
and off the coast of South and North America

 
The Great War (as it was originally called) began on 28 Jul 1914 and lasted until 11 Nov 1918.  It wasn't until the onset of World War II that it became known as World War I.
 
World War I involved the world's great powers which were assembled in two opposing alliances. The "Allies" were the British Empire (including Great Britain, Canada, Australia, India and South Africa),  as well as France and Russia.  The "Central Powers were composed of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy.
 
Both of these alliances reorganized (Italy actually switched sides and joined the Allies), and expanded as more nations entered the war. Ultimately more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, mobilized in one of the largest wars in history.  Because of new technology, more than 9 million combatants were killed, largely because of enormous increases in lethality of weapons.

 

USA World War I uniform as seen at Fort Dobbs, Statesville, NC, "Military Timeline"

Photo courtesy of Curtis Loftin

 
The conflict began on 28 Jul 1914 with the Austria-Hungary invasion of Serbia, in response to the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, and was followed by the German invasion of Belgium, Luxembourg and France - and a Russian attack against Germany.  The Russian Empire collapsed in March 1917, and Russia left the war after the October Revolution later that year.
 
The direction of the war changed on 06 Apr 1917 with the entrance of the United States and its American Allies. 
 
Russia withdrew from the war which allowed for the final structure of the alliance, which was based on five Great Powers: the United States, the United Kingdom , France, Italy and Japan.
 

WWI weapons demonstration at Fort Dobbs, Statesville, NC, "Military Timeline"

Photo courtesy of Curtis Loftin

 
 
 

"Allies" during World War II

 
 
UNITED STATES   BRITISH EMPIRE   BRITISH EMPIRE
   
28th President   King   Prime Minister
Woodrow Wilson   George V   H. H. Asquith
28 Dec 1856 - 03 Feb 1924   03 Jun 1865 - 20 Jan 1936   12 Sep 1852 - 15 Feb 1928
        (Monarch was: George V)
 
 
FRANCE   RUSSIA   JAPAN
   
81st Prime Minister   Emperor   Emperor
Rene Viviani   Nicholas II   Yoshihito Taisho
08 Nov 1863 - 07 Sep 1925   18 May 1868 - 17 Jul 1918   31 Aug 1870 - 25 Dec 1926
         
 
 
CANADA   AUSTRALIA   INDIA
   
Prime Minister   6th Prime Minister   Commander Lt. Gen.
Robert Borden   Joseph Cook   John Nixon
26 Jun 1854 - 10 Jun 1937   07 Dec 1860 - 30 Jul 1947   1857 - 1921
(Monarch was: George V)   (Monarch was: George V)   (Monarch was: George V)
 
 
SOUTH AFRICA   SERBIA   MONTENEGRO
   
1st Prime Minister   King   1st King (& only King)
Louis Botha   Peter I   Nikola/Nicholas I
27 Sep 1862 - 27 Aug 1919   29 Jun 1844 - 16 Aug 1921   07 Oct 1841 - 01 Mar 1921
(Monarch: George V)        
 
 
BELGIUM   ITALY   ROMANIA
   
King   King   King
Albert I   Victor Emmanuel III   Ferdinand I
08 Apr 1875 - 17 Feb 1934   11 Nov 1869 - 28 Dec 1947   24 Aug 1865 - 20 Jul 1927
         
 
 
PORTUGAL       BRAZIL
     
2nd President       9th President
Teofilo Braga       Venceslau Bras
15 Feb 1843 - 28 Jan 1924       26 Feb 1868 - 15 May 1966
         

 

Photo courtesy of Curtis Loftin

 
 
 

"Central Powers" during World War I

 
 

Those we fought against during World War II were called "Axis" powers.  "Axis" commanders and leaders were Adolph Hitler (Germany), Hirohio (Japan) and Benito Mussolini (Italy).

 

In addition to Germany, Japan and Italy, the Axis powers also included Bulgaria, Finland, Hungary, Iraq, Romania and Thailand.

 
 
GERMANY   AUSTRIA-HUNGARY   AUSTRIA-HUNGARY
   
Emperor / Kaiser   Emperor / Kaiser   Emperor
Wilhelm II   Franz Josef I   Charles I
17 Jan 1859 - 04 Jun 1941   18 Aug 1830 - 21 Nov 1916   17 Aug 1887 - 01 Apr 1922
         
 
 
OTTOMAN EMPIRE   BULGARIA   ITALY
   
35th Sultan & Caliph   Czar   King
Mehmed V   Ferdinand I   Victor Emmanuel III
02 Nov 1844 - 3 Jul 1918   26 Feb 1861 - 10 Sep 1948   11 Nov 1869 - 28 Dec 1947
        Switched to the Allies side
 
 
 
 
The War Ends
 
 
 

Germany had its own trouble with revolutionaries toward the end of the war and finally agreed to a cease-fire on 11 Nov 1918 - later known as Armistice Day. The war had ended in victory for the Allies.

 
 

Of the 60 million European soldiers who were mobilized from 1914 to 1918, 8 million were killed, 7 million were permanently disabled, and 15 million were seriously injured. Germany lost 15.1% of its active male population, Austria–Hungary lost 17.1%, and France lost 10.5%.

 
 

Diseases flourished in the chaotic wartime conditions. In 1914 alone, louse-borne epidemic typhus killed 200,000 in Serbia.  From 1918 to 1922, Russia had about 25 million infections and 3 million deaths from epidemic typhus.  Before World War I, Russia had about 3.5 million cases of malaria but after the war its people suffered more than 13 million cases in 1923.   In addition, a major influenza epidemic spread around the world. Overall, the 1918 flu pandemic killed at least 50 million people.

 
 

By the end of the war, four major imperial powers — the German, Russian, Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman empires — ceased to exist.  Germany & Russia lost a great amount of territory, while Austro-Hungarian & Ottoman empires were dismantled entirely. The map of central Europe was redrawn into several smaller states.

 
 

Poland reemerged as an independent country, after more than a century.  The Kingdom of Serbia became the backbone of the new multinational state called the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later renamed Yugoslavia).  Czechoslovakia, combining the Kingdom of Bohemia with parts of the Kingdom of Hungary, became a new nation.  Russia became the Soviet Union and lost Finland, Estonia, Lithuania, and Latvia, which became independent countries. The Ottoman Empire was soon replaced by Turkey and several other countries in the Middle East.

 

WWI weapons at Fort Dobbs, Statesville, NC, "Military Timeline"

Photo courtesy of Curtis Loftin

 

World War I Conclusions:  Allied victory, Armistice with Germany (11 Nov 1918), Paris Peace Conference (1919), Treaty of Berlin (25 Aug 1921), End of the German, Russian, Ottoman and Austria-Hungary Empires, Formation of new countries in Europe and the Middle East, transfer of German colonies and regions of former Ottoman Empire to other powers, and the establishment of the League of Nations.

 
 
 

WWI Family Involvement

 

 
Members of various branches of our family served in some capacity in the military during World War I.
 
 

Catawba County War Memorial in Newton, North Carolina

 
 
 

WWI Reenactor puts on his gas-mask at Fort Dobbs, Statesville, NC, "Military Timeline"

Photo courtesy of Curtis Loftin

 
 
 
 

The LOFTINS

 

 
 

Cranford, Reid Davis

b. 18 Jul 1897 - d. 19 Jul 1918 FRANCE
 
Reid was the son of Manley Wilson Cranford Jr. & Sarah Elizabeth Caldwell
He was the grandson of Manley Wilson Cranford Sr. & Mary Martha Lomax
He was the nephew of Laura Rossie Cranford Loftin (Mrs. William Alexander Loftin)
He was the 1st cousin of Alonzo Lester Loftin, Frances Ivey Loftin Drum, Zettie Wilson Loftin Beatty,
Arthur Lee Loftin, W. Garland Loftin, Hattie Pearl Loftin & Cordie Bland Loftin Wilson
Enlistment Date: 15 Dec 1917
Enlistment State: South Carolina
Enlistment City: Paris Island
Station: Company N
Age at Time of Enlistment:
20

Branch: U.S. Marines
Grade: Private
Education: 2 years College

Marital Status: Single
Height: ??
Weight: ?? lbs.

Terms of Enlistment: Enlistment for the duration of the war or other emergency, plus six months, subject to the discretion of the President.
 
Reid attended Davidson College
He was a First Bass with the Glee Club at Davidson College in 1916 (age 19)
He was a First Tenor with the Glee Club at Davidson College in 1917 (age 20)
 
U.S. Marine Corps Muster Rolls show Reid at the following locations:
15 Dec 1917, Company N Marine Barracks, Paris Island, SC
Dec 1917, Company L, Marine Barracks, Paris Island, SC
Feb 1918, Company M, Marine Barracks, Paris Island, SC
Feb 1918, 137th Company, 2nd Replacement Battalion, Maine Barracks, Quantico, VA
Mar 1918, 137th Company, 2nd Replacement Battalion, Maine Barracks, Quantico, VA
Apr 1918, 138th Company, 2nd Replacement Battalion, 32nd Division, Quantico, BA
Apr 1918, 83rd Company, 6th Regiment, Marine Barracks, Quantico, VA
Jul 1918, 83rd Company, 6th Regiment, US Marines, Aef FRANCE
 
Reid was a member of the 83rd Company, 6th Regiment, U.S. Marine Corp
 
Reid died at the Battle of Soissons at the age of 21
He is buried at Davidson College Cemetery, Davidson, Mecklenburg Co, NC
 
 
 
 
 
 

Cranford, Spencer Rouse

b. Abt. 1893 - d. 07 Jul 1960
 
Spencer was the son of Manley Wilson Cranford Jr. & Sarah Elizabeth Caldwell
He was the grandson of Manley Wilson Cranford Sr. & Mary Martha Lomax
He was the nephew of Laura Rossie Cranford Loftin (Mrs. William Alexander Loftin)
He was the 1st cousin of Alonzo Lester Loftin, Frances Ivey Loftin Drum, Zettie Wilson Loftin Beatty,
Arthur Lee Loftin, W. Garland Loftin, Hattie Pearl Loftin & Cordie Bland Loftin Wilson
Enlistment Date: 29 Nov 1917
Enlistment State: South Carolina
Enlistment City: Paris Island
Station: Company H
Age at Time of Enlistment:
24

Branch: U.S. Marines
Grade: Private
Education: 2+ years College

Marital Status: Single
Height: ??
Weight: ?? lbs.

Terms of Enlistment: Enlistment for the duration of the war or other emergency, plus six months, subject to the discretion of the President.
 
Spencer attended Davidson College
 
U.S. Marine Corps Muster Rolls show Reid at the following locations:
Nov 1917, Company H, Marine Barracks, Paris Island, SC
Dec 1917, Company H, Marine Barracks, Paris Island, SC
Jan 1918, Company I, Marine Barracks, Paris Island, SC
Feb 1918, Marine Barracks, Navy Yard, Brooklyn, NY
Mar 1918, Marine Barracks, Navy Yard, Brooklyn, NY (Barracks Detachment)
Apr 1918, Marine Barracks, Naval Ammunition Depot, Dover, NJ
Apr 1918, 12th Company, Marine Barracks, Navy Yard, NY, NY
Oct 1918, Marine Barracks, Naval Ammunition Depot, Dover, NJ (Promoted to Sergeant)
Jan 1919, The Marine Detachment, U.S. Naval Hospital, Chelsea, Mass
Apr 1919, Marine Barracks, Naval Ammunition Depot, Dover, NJ
 
 
 
 
 
 

Wilson, Thomas Robinson

b. 23 May 1891 - 29 Nov 1972
 
Tom was the son of John Henry Wilson & Nancy Catherine "Katie" Jones
He was the husband of Cordie Bland Loftin
He was the son-in-law of William Alexander Loftin & Laura Rossie Cranford
He was the brother-in-law of Alonzo Lester Loftin, Frances Ivey Loftin Drum, Zettie Wilson Loftin Beatty,
Arthur Lee Loftin, W. Garland Loftin, Hattie Pearl Loftin & Cordie Bland Loftin Wilson
Enlistment Date: ??
Enlistment State: ??
Enlistment City: ??
Station: ??
Age at Time of Enlistment:
??

Branch: Army
Grade: Sergeant
Education: ??

Marital Status: ??
Height: ??
Weight: ?? lbs.

Terms of Enlistment: Enlistment for the duration of the war or other emergency, plus six months, subject to the discretion of the President.
 
WWI Draft Registration Card
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The SETZERS
 
 
 

None identified at this time

 
 
 
 
 
The GOBLES
 
 
 

None identified at this time

 
 
 
 
 
The JOHNSONS
 
 
 

None identified at this time

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
World War I War Tunes
 
 
Music touches our lives in so many ways.  American troops had regular access to radio in all but the most difficult combat situations, and not only did soldiers know specific songs, but specific recordings. This gave a nature to American troops music during WWII, not as much songs sung around a fire or while marching, but listened to between combat on Armed Forces Radio.
     
SONG Year To Hear
"Over There"  (by George M. Cohen, sung by Nora Bays)
as recorded from a 78RPM record
The song "Over There" was one of the most famous songs of World War I. "Over There" proved to be an inspiration both to the young men who were being sent to fight the war as well as to those on the home-front who worried about their loved ones
1917 Click Here
"The Rose of No Man's Land" (sung by Henry Burr) 1918 Click Here
"It's a Long Way to Tipperary" (sung by John McCormack) 1912 Click Here
"Keep the Home Fires Burning" (sung by John McCormack) 1914 Click Here
"Pack Up Your Troubles" (sung by Murray Johnson) 1915 Click Here
"Oh, It's a Lovely War" (sung by Courtland & Jeffries) 1917 Click Here
"I Didn't Raise My Boy to Be a Soldier"   Click Here
[If any of the above links are outdated, please let me know]
 
 
 

 

 
 

Military Pages

 
 

Check out all of these Family Genealogy Military Pages
to see which family members served - as well as when and where

 

Revolutionary War (1775 - 1783)

The Civil War  (12 Apr 1861 - 22 Jun 1865)
World War I (28 Jul 1914 - 11 Nov 1918)
World War II (01 Sep 1939 - 02 Sep 1945
Korean War  (25 Jun 1950 – 27 Jul 1953)

Vietnam War  (01 Nov 1955 - 30 Apr 1975)

Gulf War (17 Jan 1991 – 28 Feb 1991)

War on Terror (07 Oct 2011 - Present)

 
 
If you have photos or information to share about any of these Military pages, please contact me using the email address below or by calling 828-241-2233.
 
 
 

 

US WWI Army Uniform

 

 

WWI USA weapons demonstration at Fort Dobbs, Statesville, NC

Photo courtesy of Curtis Loftin

 
 
 

 

SOURCES

 

 

Fort Dobbs, Statesville, NC http://www.fortdobbs.org/index.html

 

"World War 1"  http://www.besmark.com/ww1b.html

"Allies of World War 1" http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allies_of_World_War_I

"Central Powers" http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_Powers

"World War 1 Songs"  http://www.besmark.com/ww1b.html

"World War I Posters"  http://www.history.army.mil//art/Posters/WWI/WWI.htm

 
 
 

If you have additional information or photos of family members who served in the military during WWI
please contact me.