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Jacob E. Lanier


Born: 1843, Catawba County, NC
Died: 26 Sep 1863, Virginia 

Jacob Lanier was the fifth child born to Edmund Lanier, Jr. and Susannah Bolch.  Jacob was born about 1843.
Children of Edmund Lanier and Susannah Bolch
Name Birth Death Spouse
Martha Ann Lanier Nov 1833 1906 Noah Winebarger
Joseph S. Lanier 1835 09 Feb 1863
(Died during Civil War)
Leah Herman
Elkana M. Lanier 1837 26 Sep 1863
(Died during Civil War)
Elizabeth Lail
William Benjamin Lanier 1838 01 Oct 1864
(Died during Civil War)
David Anderson Lanier 24 May 1842 12 Dec 1928 1) Martha Huntley
2) Ruthie Josephine Edwards
3) Susan Elizabeth Hollar
Jacob E. Lanier 1843 26 Sep 1863
(Died during Civil War)
Agnes Susan Lanier 1843 1880/1888 George Ellison Gilbert
Burton Newton Lanier 02 Jun 1847 12 May 1926 Emaline Elizabeth Huffman
The 1850 Census shows the Lanier family living in Catawba County, NC.  Edmund is 48 and Susannah is 47.  The census further shows the name of all the children: Martha Ann (age 17), Joseph (age 15), Elkana (age 13), William (age 12), David (age 9), Jacob (age 7), Agnes (age 7) and Burton (age 3)

1850 Catawba County, NC, Census

First Name Last Name Age Sex Occupation Real Estate
Birth Attended
Edmund Lanier 48 M Farmer 300 NC  
Susanah ----- 37 F     NC  
Martha Ann ----- 17 F     NC Yes
Joseph ----- 15 M     NC Yes
Elkana ----- 13 M     NC Yes
William ----- 12 M     NC Yes
David ----- 9 M     NC Yes
Jacob ----- 7 M     NC Yes
Agnes ----- 7 F     NC Yes
Burton ----- 3 M     NC  
By 1860 the family was listed at the Fisher's Post Office in Catawba County on the Census.  Edmund's age was listed as 51 but he was probably around 58 and Susannah about 48.  Children still at the family home were William (age 21), David (age 18), Jacob (age 16), Agnes (age 16) and Burton (age 12).   Jacob's older brother Joseph S. Lanier (age 25) and his family were living nearby.

1860 Catawba County, NC, Census

First Name Last Name Age Sex Occupation Real
Birth Attended
Edmund Lanier 51 M Farmer 1050 220 NC  
Susannah ----- 44 F       NC  
William ----- 21 M Shoemaker     NC  
David ----- 18 M       NC  
Jacob ----- 16 M       NC Yes
Agnes S. ----- 16 F       NC Yes
B. N. ----- 12 M       NC Yes
J. S. Lanier 25 M Farmer   176 NC  
Leah ----- 29 F       NC  
Darius ----- 1/12 M       NC  
Shortly following this Census, the Civil War started when the Confederacy fired on Fort Sumter, SC.  During the Civil War, five of the Lanier brothers enlisted as part of the Confederacy.
Even though the Edmund Lanier family had no slaves, the time eventually came when five of Edmund and Susannah's sons joined the Confederacy.  18-year-old Jacob Lanier and his older brother, 29-year-old Joseph Lanier, enlisted 20 Aug 1862 at Camp Hill, as part of Company C, Regiment 18, North Carolina Infantry.  25-year-old Elkana Lanier caught up with the regiment at Camp Hill and enlisted 20 Aug 1862.  20-year-old David Anderson Lanier enlisted on 14 Oct 1862 in McDowell County as part of Company E, Regiment 58, North Carolina Infantry.  24-year-old William Benjamin Lanier also enlisted in 1862 and was granted a Commission as Captain in Lanier's Independent Regiment North Carolina.  He transferred out of Lanier's Independent Regiment on 15 Sep 1862 and into Company H, Regiment 61, North Carolina Infantry.  
Unfortunately for Edmund and Susannah, only one of their five sons came home from the war - David Anderson Lanier.
David Anderson Lanier was wounded on 19 Sep 1863 at Chickamauga, Tennessee -- the very day Jacob and Elkanah were court-martialed at Orange, Va. He recovered from his wounds and returned to his regiment and was wounded again in the Battle of Atlanta.  Pvt. Lanier was discharged but stayed on with the medical corps. He continued to care for the injured for two months after the war was over because they were unable to travel.  He finally arrived in Hickory, N.C. on 20 Jun 1865.
Joseph died in the Confederate Hospital (Chimborazo) in Richmond, Virginia, on 09 Feb 1863 from scrofula - a form of tuberculosis.
William died from wounds as part of Company H, 61st Infantry Regiment NC on 19 May 1864 at Richmont, VA, hospital.
On 25 August 1863, 53 days after Gettysburg, Jacob Lanier, then age 19, and his older brother, Elkana Lanier, then 30, and two fellow soldiers were arrested for desertion.
The Lanier Brothers were not arrested a great distance from camp but in the nearby fields by a local detail.  Jacob put it simply and truthfully in his letter of 02 Sep 1863: "We left camp entirely to get some apples and green corn, etc."  Certainly, all the Rebel forces were half-starved and they were simply hungry.
They were held four days away from their regiment and returned to face a court-martial.

Letters Written By Jacob and Elkana Lanier during their Incarceration

[Please note that Jacob signed his letters "Jacob E. Lanier" as well as "Jacob C. Lanier"]

Camp, Near Orange C.H. Va., September 2, 1863

Dear Father and Mother and All:

It is again that I have seated myself to inform you that I and my brother are both well at present and hope these few lines may find you all in good health. I have written so much since I heard from home that I most got out of heart. I merely heard you were well. I am glad to hear that much. I must now tell you that we are rather in a difficulty.

On last Tuesday, 25th, we and two other men left camp on a foraging expedition and misfortunately was arrested by guard, detailed for the purpose of arresting deserters, and we were kept under guard four days from our command, and even now we are still guarded with the charge of desertion. We will have to stand court-martial about it in a few days. I have no idea what the result may be, although I don't think they can hurt one much. We left camp entirely to get some apples and green corn, etc., for we do not get more than half enough to eat.

I am tolerably well satisfied. I hope that we will soon be free from this war. Read the eighth chapter of Isaiah and 12th verse. It is rather hard times out here by we have it to bear. I do hope that Providence will soon end this strife. I don't know when I will see any of you, whether ever or not. One thing is certain, I don't expect to live in a Confederacy if it is ever gained. I am more than willing to leave it for it will be desolate of men and it is already for comforts. I must close. Write soon. I will write again soon as I learn more of our affairs.

Jacob E. Lanier

Camp, Near Orange C.H., Va. September 20, 1863

Dear Father, Mother, Brother, Sister and Friends:

I, this beautiful Sabbath evening, have taken the opportunity to write my farewell letter as in all probability it will be the last one I shall ever be permitted to write. I hope that you, my friends, will not grieve at this saying, for I can tell you that we must suffer persecution and even death as did the righteous in days that have passed. I received your kind letter of the 11th inst. I was truly glad that you were all blessed with health.

I can say to you that we are both well, but we have been court-martialed, and to-day the sentence came against us, which is to be shot to death on next Saturday at ii:00 o'clock a.m. Now to give you the crime again is unnecessary for I wrote it in the other letter. Now there is only one chance for me to escape, that is to be reprieved by the Governor of North Carolina. I feel that my company officers will do what they can.

All the other consolation is after they have killed the body they can go no farther, and I trust that Jesus, the Redeemer, will be my Savior. I will put trust in the Lord, and if you get this letter between this and the 29th inst., pray for us. I have desired greatly to see you all again in peace but prospects have failed. I saw them shoot two men yesterday that lived in Wiles County, and there are six more to receive it next Saturday, one only for talking about the Confederacy.

WE were court-martialed for desertion as you saw in the other letter. I want you to give a copy of these letters to my brothers, Oh! dear Mother, weep not for me. I hope to meet you in heaven above to rejoice forever more.

Oh my dear Brother, let me persuade you to pray much and O, may we meet at Jesus' feet and live bright shining as the sun.

Dear Sister, meet me in heaven.

Oh, my Father, continue in the faith of Jesus Christ. I feel bad on your account to be taken and bound to the stake of reproach as some men consider it, but do not grieve for me. I hope and trust that God will forgive me. I now bid adieu to you and to the world only for awhile. We will meet again, and now may the love and grace of God abide with us forever and ever.

Oh! Lord, he pleased to go with me through the hour of death and administer these sayings to the good of all who read these lines. Go with me through life. Forsake one not in the hour of death.

Farewell, my friends.
J. C. Lanier

Keep this in remembrance of me. Keep it not as a secret. Let my friends see it. God help us.

Camp, Near Orange C.H., Va., September 20, 1863

Dear Wife,

I now take my pen in hand to let you know the awful condition that my brother and I are in.

We have been court-martialed and they have made us out guilty of deserting, and have sentenced us to be shot to death with musketry on next Saturday, the 26th.

I am sorry to say to you that I cannot see you and my children in this world again. I will pray for you while I live. I pray God to help you raise those little children. I feel satisfied that I am going to heaven and I want to meet you and the children there. O, God, be with us forever. Amen.

Dear Father and Mother:
I can say to you that I expect to see you both coming before long. I expect to see J.S. Lanier and all my friends that are gone before. I must close, will write again, and if not, farewell for awhile. My wife, my children, father, mother, brothers and sisters, one is going with me. I am going home. Remember me and my brother, and God and his Word forever. Amen

Elkana Lanier

The Lanier Brothers were listed #12 and #14 on General Orders #88 and Special Orders #197 HQ Dept. of Norther Virginia.  It gave the judgment of the trial as "to be shot to death with musketry..."  The execution date was set for Saturday, 26 Sep 1863.

General Orders # 88
Special Orders # 197
HQ Dept of Northern Virginia
#12 - Private Jacob Lanier, Company A, 18th NC Troops
CHARGE: Desertion

  SPECIFICATION: In this, that he Private Jacob Lanier, Company A, 18th NC Troops, a duly enlisted soldier in the Confederate States service, and receiving pay as such, did desert the said service on or about the 25th day of August 1863, near Orange Courthouse, VA, and did not return to his company until arrested and brought back under guard on the 1st day of September 1863.  

Of Specification to Charge: Guilty
Of Charge: Guilty

  SENTENCE:   And the Court do therefore sentence the said Private Jacob Lanier, Company A, 18th NC Troops, to be shot to death with musketry (two-thirds of the Court concurring in the sentence), at such time and place as the General commanding may direct.  

General Orders # 88
Special Orders # 197
HQ Dept of Northern Virginia
#14 - Private E. Lanier, Company C, 18th NC Troops
CHARGE: Desertion

  SPECIFICATION: In this, that he Private E. Lanier, Company C, 18th NC Troops, a duly enlisted soldier in the Confederate States service, and receiving pay as such, did desert his company and said service on or about the 25th day of August 1863, near Orange Courthouse, VA, and did not return to his company until arrested and brought back under guard on the 1st day of September 1863.  

Of Specification to Charge: Guilty
Of Charge: Guilty

  SENTENCE:   And the Court (two-thirds concurring) do therefore sentence him,  Private E. Lanier, Company C, 18th NC Troops, to be shot to death with musketry, at such time and place as the General commanding may direct.  
Camp, Near Orange C.H., Va. September 24, 1863

Dear Wife:

I will now let you know my awful sentence in this world: It is to die at the stake--on the cross, even as the Lord did. I can take it tolerably patiently, knowing that the Lord died for me. I am dying to go to Him, I will live forever with Him. I am going home to die no more. Let me exhort you, my loving friend, to prepare to meet me. I cannot come to see you any more but you can come to see me. I want you to live in the discharge of your duty towards God. I'm going home to die no more. I can say to you that I am willing to die and go to Jesus. I still think about you and my little children, but must leave them with you and God, hoping that you will raise them right and try to give them an education so that they can read the Word of the Lord. I want you to remember this as long as you live and tell my children about me when they get so they can remember it. I want to meet you and them in heaven. Glory be to God, I am going home to die no more. I don't want you to grieve after me--of course, it will seem hard to you, but don't take it hard. Remember that I paid the debt that we all have to pay, Glory be to God I am going home.

This is the last letter that I expect to write in this world--it is the last I expect to do in this world only to try to increase my faith in the Lord Jesus Christ. My prayer is to meet you in heaven. Dear Father and Mother, a few lines to you: I can say I am almost home. I hear them making the coffins for our bodies. Glory be to God, I feel that I am nearly to heaven. Do not grieve for me nor brother. We are going to meet our brother who went before. I want you to help Elizabeth raise my children for I cannot. I want you to hold out faithful in serving the Lord. I recollect that you said if I got killed it would not be long 'till you would come, too. I am going home to die no more.

To Elizabeth Lanier, to Edmund Lanier, mother, brothers, and sisters, and to all my relatives and friends, FAREWELL! I am going home to die no more. Glory be to God for a better world than this.

"O will arise and go to Jesus,
He will embrace me in His arms,
In the arms of my dear Saviour,
Where there are ten thousand charms."

O, praise the Lord forever. Adore His precious Name. I hope we'll meet never to cease praising His Eternal Name.

"When we've been there ten thousand years,
Bright shining as the sun,
We've no less days to sing his praise,
Than when we first begun."

Farewell to friends and the world.
E. Mc. Lanier

Still Near Orange C.H. Va.,
September 24, 1863

My Dear Friends:

I, for your sake, have again determined to write another short epistle to let you know I am well, and my brother is well; however, we expect to leave this sin stricken world in a short time. I wrote a letter last Sabbath and started it stating the death notice but it probably did not come to your hand. I, therefore, must write again. You are aware that we were held in custody, and for what crime I am sorry to inform you. The sentence is death, to be executed on Saturday the 26th inst., but I thank the Lord I have put my trust in Jesus. I hope to meet my friends that have gone before, and I hope that you, my friends, will meet me in heaven. I would love to see my brothers yet in service, and explain the case to them, but so it is I can't. It goes hard for me to write so solemn a doom, but there is not a man in the regiment that will say we got justice, but the officers have determined to have a better disciplined army than heretofore, and so it must need be that they make example of some to check the remainder, it has fell on our unhappy lot to be an example. It is hard but we have to bear it. I know we will get justice in heaven's judgment. I have spent my time reading the Holy Bible and in prayer to God. I want you all to pray much and meet me in heaven. Father, set the example of prayer before your small family. I am exceedingly sorrowful on your account. Read the 88th Psalm--the reason plainly to be seen.

Dear Father, dispose of my things that are few and worthless, as you see proper, to make my debts clear. Now you nor I can do no better than to prepare to meet above. O, then, let me exhort you as did Paul in the 12th chapter of Romans, "Be ye transformed by the renewing of your minds that ye may prove what is that good and acceptable and perfect will of God." Read the chapter through.

My dear Mother, let your tears be dry. I know your troubles are great but grieve not for me. I am only going home. I expect to meet you, my praying mother, before long at home to die no more. I shall soon say FAREWELL, vain world, I am going home in the land where there is no more stormy clouds arising. Truly it seems hard to give farewell to friends on earth through writing, but be joy to bid the world adieu to go to Jesus to reign--we live with Him above. "I bid farewell to every fear and wipe my weeping eyes," and soar to the world above the sky. I beseech you all to live for God alone that you may die as Christian can alone.

Dear Sisters, will you ever pray and praise the Lord? O, do forever trust in His sacred Word. I am going home to die no more, but to rest with Jesus forevermore. I hope to meet you all above the skies where Christians never, never die, and O, my dear Brother, remember thy Creator in the days of thy youth, you never will regret one moment spent in service to the Lord. Remember, too, that we have prayed together and I hope we can praise the Lord together. O, my brother, don't grieve for me. I am going home to die no more. By the Grace of God I do hope to live forever above. Now, dear Sister-in-law, let me entreat you to live in the service of the Lord, resting assured that you will in no wise lose your reward. Meet thy bosom friends in heaven. Raise your children for the Lord. O, pray with them--set the example before them as soon as they are able to understand and know what it meaneth. I hope to see you all in heaven. O, now, my Father, bless the Lord and praise Him for His glorious Words--He has many gracious promises. We can bear witness in our hearts. He has said: "My Grace is sufficient for thee."

Farewell, vain world, I am going home. Oh! meet me in that blissful home. Farewell, my friends, our parting is at hand. I could write pages to you and the half would not he told that I would like to have you know but it is hard to write. Don't take it hard. I am willing to go home. I feel bad on your account more than my own.

Farewell to friends, and the world.
J. E. Lanier

Jacob and Elkana died 26 Sep 1863 on Blue Run, five miles west of Orange, Virginia.
The NC 18th Regiment was mainly from eastern North Carolina with the Lanier Brothers in the one company from Catawba County in the west.
  Confederate officers were instilling a new, tough discipline at this time.  In another case prior to the Lanier Brothers:  
  "During this time, a group of ten soldiers from the area of the Rapidan said they were going home and did leave.  Word was sent south for the authorities to be on the look-out for these deserters.  They were intercepted and during the confrontation, the deserters shot and killed a Confederate officer.  All were captured, returned to Richmond, court-martialed, found guilty and sentenced to be executed by musketry by their own men.  The sentence was carried out in front of the division on 05 Sep 1863.  One can see the climate of the officers' mind as the Laneir brothers were about to come to trial".  
  Professor George W. Hahn put together a monumental collection of soldiers in his The Catawba County Soldier Of The Civil War in 1911. All through the 385 pages are references as to the jovial and respected feelings between officers and men including all 12 companies from Catawba County. However, there is a sharp contrast concerning the NC 18th. Quoting page 355: "Fisher, Barnett, enlisted August 14, '62, he died November 18, '62 (We are informed by witness that as a punishment for being sick, he was made to stand upon a stump, from which he fell dead. As a general rule, our officers were kind and merciful toward their men, but we had tyrants, and here is an example.)" Quote p. 356: "Huffman, P.J., enlisted August 14, '62, he died in November, '62. (Here is another example of unmerciful treatment, as he was made to march while sick, and dropped dead in the ranks.)"  
  North Carolina was allotted 20 slots for full generals by the Confederacy. NC had a total of six. (A similar event had happened in the Revolutionary War.) North Carolina was good enough to furnish wealth, men and blood, but not allowed into positions of authority.  
  Also from The Catawba County Soldier Of The Civil War (1911), Professor Hahn notes on page 358: "The two above men (Jacob & Elkana Lanier) met a sad fate, unjustly).  
  Historian Robert E. Lee gave his opinion that while they may have been technically "away without leave", they had not deserted.  
  The recognized dean of Orange County historians is Mr. William H.B. Thomas of Orange, Virginia. He is an author, former US Air Corps Major who led a squadron of B-24's during World War I, leader in various historical organizations and a meticulous meticulous that in one of his valuable historical contributions is entitled:: Gordonsville, Virginia Historical Crossroads Town, Mr. Thomas list 463 footnotes in 115 pages of writing.  
    When Mr. Thomas was asked about unfair executions during the Civil War, he replied, "Who are you talking about -- the Lanier Brothers?"  Mr. Tomas voiced the opinion that the Lanier Brothers were not guilty of desertion.    
  A Lieutenant Hutchinson of the South Carolina 13th Regiment had deserted under fire in front of his own men at Chancellorsville on 2 May 1863 and during these same court-martials, he was only "cashiered" (dismissed from the armed forces in disgrace). No judgment of execution was passed. Plantation politics were of great influence at that time.  
  From a distance of 135+ years, it appears that the Lanier Brothers were not guilty of desertion and certainly did nothing to incur the supreme penalty adjudged against them.  Above all research and opinion, probably the most damaging affront to the Confederate court-martial mockery were the five letters the Lanier Brothers wrote back home. Truthful, simple, honest men telling it like it was.  

"The Spirit Divided: Memories of Civil War Chaplains: The Confederacy"
By John Wesley Brinsfield

  Friday, September 25th
Our prisoners who were lodged with the Provost Marshall when the Brigade moved, for safe-keeping, were brought down this evening.  I called and spent some time with them in prayer and conversation.  These are seven of the poor fellows who will die at the stake tomorrow.  God have mercy on their souls!

Pvt. Elkana Lanier, age 30, Co. C, 18th North Carolina
Pvt. Jacob Lanier, age 19, Co. A, 18th North Carolina
Pvt. Robert B. Lee, Co. K, 28th North Carolina
Pvt. James S. Greer, age 28, Co. B, 37th North Carolina
Pvt. Sam Collins, age 22, Co. D, 37th North Carolina
Pvt. Green W. Ford, age 20, Co. H, 37th North Carolina

  Saturday, September 26th
The condemned men were shot this morning about 11 o'clock.  I baptized two of them just before the execution.  All professed to have obtained peace with God save one poor fellow who did not seem satisfied with his conditions.  Their names were Lanier (Jacob & Elkana - two brothers), McSwain, Lee, Greer, Collins and Ford.  I don't think I shall ever forget the scene.

The Lanier Descendancey

1 Thomas Lanier, m. 1760 Surry Co, NC
  + Mary Calling
  2 Edmund Lanier, Sr., b. Abt 1775
    + Molly Fisher, b. Abt. 1780 Lincoln Co, NC, d. Aft. 1850
    3 Sarah Lanier, b. 1801, d. 1853
      + Adam Flowers
    3 Anna Lanier
      + Israel Holler
    3 Edmund Lanier, b. Abt. 1802, d. 1870-1880
      + Susannah Bolch, b. 1815, d. 02 Oct 1881
      4 Martha Ann Lanier, b. Nov 1833, d. 1906
        + Noah Winebarger, b. 29 Dec 1828
      4 Joseph S. Lanier, b. 1835, d. 09 Feb 1863
        + Leah Herman, b. 18 Jan 1830, d. 10 Nov 1908
        5 Darius Lanier, b. 12 May 1860, d. 13 Mar 1935
          + Julie Ann Townsend, b. 19 Dec 1848, d. 17 Nov 1934
        5 Candace Lanier, b. 01 Oct 1862, d. 02 Nov 1945
          + Elijah Wesley Eckard, b. 29 Dec 1859
      4 Elkana M. Lanier, b. 1837, d. 26 Sep 1863
        + Elizabeth Lail, b. 13 Jan 1837, d. 1910/1920
        5 Donna Susannah Lanier, b. 09 Aug 1860, d. 14 Aug 1935
          + John M. Lackey, b. 06 May 1860, d. 10 Oct 1942
        5 Sophronia A. Lanier, b. 26 Mar 1863, d. 02 Oct 1938
          + Andrew Elkana Benfield, b. 08 Oct 1851, d. 29 Jul 1932
      4 William Benjamin Lanier, b. 1838, d. 01 Oct 1864
      4 David Anderson Lanier, b. 24 May 1842, d. 12 Dec 1928
        + (1) Martha Huntley, b. 08 Mar 1836, d. 1890
        5 Cora Alice Maybelle Lanier, b. May 1867, d. 1900/1910
          + William M. Harris, b. Jun 1873
        5 John Fidis Hartsell Lanier, b. 02 Aug 1868, d. 03 Dec 1948
          + (1) Claudia May Weaver, b. 02 Nov 1887, d. 01 Feb 1929
          6 Cordula Mattie Lanier, b. 06 Oct 1914
            + Louis Edward Hassell, b. 09 Feb 1915, d. May 1978
          6 Alice P. Lanier, b. 01 Jun 1916, d. 17 Oct 2000
            + William Paul Wagstaff
          6 Ruby Vista Lanier, b. 26 Jan 1919
            + Richard J. Hiss, b. 14 Aug 1918, d. 21 Feb 1998
          + (2) Addie Lee Hunsucker, b. 05 Sep 1877, d. 22 Dep 1957
        5 Mary Elvira Catherine Lanier, b. 04 Jan 1871, d. 28 Jul 1957
          + Robert Elmore Cline, b. May 1861, 02 Dec 1940
        5 Lulu Etta Elenore Lanier, b. 25 Nov 1872, d. 22 Aug 1945
          + Ivey Powell Hartley, b. 16 Jan 1873, d. 24 Jan 1952
        5 Martha Emma Lanier, b. 08 Feb 1875, d. 22 Jan 1953
          + William Ivey Fox, b. Oct 1869, d. 12 Oct 1950
        5 Ivey Lee Elijah Lanier, b. 19 May 1877, d. 14 Sep 1967
          + (1) Grace T. Teague, b. Jun 1878, d. 1904
          6 Lewis Truman Lanier, b. 20 Mar 1902, d. Apr 1969
          6 Lawrence Ivey Lanier, b. 09 Jun 1904
          + (2) Hattie Clay, b. Abt. 1877, d. 11 Jan 1948
          6 John Henry Lanier, b. 03 Jun 1906, d. Aug 1980
          6 Hattie Ruth Lanier, b. 08 Aug 1908, d. 22 May 1991
            + John Overcash Shaw, b. 19 May 1908, d. 26 Aug 1992
          6 Grace Aileen Lanier, b. 11 Jan 1912
        5 Marvin Madison Malcolm Lanier, b. 05 Dec 1879, d. 13 Jul 1951
          + Dora May Haithcox, b. 16 Oct 1878, d. 09 Mar 1961
          6 Foy Lee Lanier, b. 19 Dec 1903, d. 28 Oct 1991
            + Arzella B. Nash
          6 Emma Lanier, b. Abt. 1906
          6 Buster Lanier, b. Abt 1909
          6 Calvin Clyde Lanier, b. 25 Jul 1910, d. 20 Jun 1975
            + Marjorie Lorene Beaver
          6 David Ivey Lanier, b. Abt. 1913
            + Dorothy Lowery
          6 Alton Flake Lanier, b. 08 Dec 1915, d. 29 Jul 1981
            + Margaret B. Ayers
          6 (Female) Lanier, b. 18 Sep 1918
          6 Annie Lorene Lanier, b. Abt. 1919
            + Eugene G. Raymer
        + (2) Ruthie Josephine Edwards, b. 04 Jul 1857, d. 15 Jun 1910
        5 Laura Essie Lanier, b. 01 Dec 1891, d. 16 Nov 1988
          + Marshall Lee Sipe, b. 25 May 1892, d. 11 Feb 1948
        5 Myrtle Claudia Lanier, b. 22 Sep 1893

      5 Robert Dewitt Lanier, b. 06 Mar 1896, d. 07 May 1968
          + Ida Cordelia Lanier, b. 27 Oct 1894, d. 26 May 1973
          6 Zelda Mae Laneir, b. 10 Nov 1914
            + Ransom Ralph Bentley, d. 10 Jun 2001
          6 Walter Glenn Lanier, b. 04 May 1916, d. 27 Aug 1990
            + Marjorie I. Dellinger
          6 Pauline J. Lanier, b. 25 Jun 1918, d. 10 Feb 1973
            + William Spoone
          6 Benjamin Russell Lanier, b. 20 May 1920
            + Mary Evelyn Nicholas
          6 Lucy Kathryn Lanier, b. 08 Jun 1922, d. 03 Mar 2001
            + Howard G. Reel
          6 Robert J. Lanier, b. 23 May 1924
          6 Bessie Ethel Lanier, b. 27 Apr 1928
            + (Unknown) Adams
          6 (Female) Lanier
            + (Unknown) Antonucci
          6 Rachel Martelia Lanier, b. 26 Feb 1933, d. 15 Apr 2005
            + James Junior Howard
        5 Dewey Mailalieu Lanier, b. 07 May 1898, d. 04 Jan 1977
          + Willie Thelma Loftin, b. 31 May 1911
        + (3) Susan Elizabeth Hollar, b. 23 Dec 1857, d. 19 Jan 1923
      4 Jacob E. Lanier, b. 1843, d. 26 Sep 1863
      4 Agnes Susan Lanier, b. 1843, d. 1880/1888
        + George Ellison Gilbert, b. Jun 1846, d. 11 Dec 1924
      4 Burton Newton Lanier, b. 02 Jun 1847, d. 12 May 1926
        + Emaline Elizabeth Huffman, b. 13 Aug 1833, d. 03 Sep 1905
        5 Leander Adolphus Lanier, b. 14 Nov 1870, d. 21 Jan 1910
          + Martelia Elizabeth McAlpine, b. 23 Sep 1873, d. 06 Aug 1953
          6 Ilad Cordelia Lanier, b. 27 Oct 1894, d. 26 May 1973
            + Robert Dewitt Lanier, b. 06 Mar 1896, d. 07 May 1968

          7 Zelda Mae Lanier, b. 10 Nov 1914
              + Ransom Ralph Bentley, d. 10 Jun 2011
            7 Walter Glenn Lanier, b. 04 May 1916, d. 27 Aug 1990
              + Marjorie I. Dellinger
            7 Pauline J. Lanier, b. 25 Jun 1918, d. 10 Feb 1973
              + William Spoone
            7 Benjamin Russell Lanier, b. 20 May 1920
              + Mary Evelyn Nichols
            7 Lucy Kathryn Lanier, b. 08 Jun 1922, d. 03 Mar 2001
              + Howard G. Reel
            7 Robert J. Lanier, b. 23 May 1924
            7 Bessie Ethel Lanier, b. 27 Apr 1928
              + (Unknown) Adams
            7 (Female) Lanier
              + (Unknown) Antonucci
            7 Rachel Martelia Lanier, b. 26 Feb 1933, d. 15 Apr 2005
              + James Junior Howard
          6 Zora Naomi Lanier, b. 21 Mar 1896, d. 07 Jan 1979
            + Jason Heber Shook, b. 20 Apr 1892, d. 06 Mar 1982
          6 Effie Emma Lanier, b. 10 Jan 1898, d. 17 Nov 1979
            + Charles Oscar Killian
          6 Adolphus J. Lanier, b. Feb 1900, d. 16 Jun 1901
          6 Carl Edwin Lanier, b. 02 May 1902, d. 04 Dec 1985
            + Della Miller
          6 Virgie A. Lanier, b. 17 Aug 1904, d. 15 Aug 1994
            + Owen Henry Drum
          6 Edgar Henry Lanier, b. 04 Sep 1907, d. 05 Aug 1967
            + Nellie Ruth Pitts, b. 26 Feb 1906, d. 07 Apr 1996
          6 Osco E. Lanier, b. 04 Sep 1907, d. 16 Jan 1972



"My Paternal Ancestors - Virginia, North Carolina, Tessessee and Elsewhere" - by Carolyn Whitaker


"The Lanier Brothers"


18th North Carolina Infantry Regiment - Confederate Army
by Ralph Clark


"The Spirit Divided: Memories of Civil War Chaplains: The Confederary" by John Wesley Brinsfield