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Thomas Cleophas Hamilton


Born: 01 Feb 1784, Lincoln County, NC
Died:  23 Feb 1872, Washington County, OH



Thomas Cleophas Hamilton was born 01 Feb 1784 in Lincoln County, NC.  Thomas was the son of Archibald Hamilton and Mary "Polly" Hawkins. 


Thomas married Mary Ann Taylor, born 22 Jul 1784,  Mary Ann was the daughter of Matthias & Mary Taylor.

Children of Thomas Cleophas Hamilton and Mary Ann Taylor
Name Birth Date Death Date Spouse
Archibald Alexander Hamilton 01 May 1806 16 Mar 1834 Karzia James
William Hamilton 05 Sep 1808 12 Sep 1887 Ellen Kennedy
John Hamilton 21 Jun 1810 20 Sep 1875  
Mary Magdalene Hamilton 06 Sep 1812   Elza Parrish
Mattias/Mathias Hamilton 09 Nov 1814 31 Jan 1835  
Thomas Taylor Hamilton 07 Oct 1819 1920  
Mary Ann died 30 Dec 1825 in Tuscarawas County, OH.
Thomas married Sarah Elizabeth Marlow on 27 Aug 1826 in Guernsey County, OH. Sarah was the daughter of Samuel Marlow.
Children of Thomas Cleophas Hamilton and Sarah Elizabeth Marlow
Name Birth Date Death Date Spouse
Ruanna Hamilton 27 Jul 1827 19 Feb 1908 John Isaac Smith
Roseanna Hamilton 20 Aug 1829 1915 James Swigert
Louisa Hamilton Abt. 1830    
Sarah Caroline Hamilton 04 May 1831 31 Oct 1832  
Hiram Lewis Hamilton 15 Jul 1834 06 Apr 1916 Arminda Parrish
Leonard D. Hamilton Abt. 1836 About 1900 Mary Anne Burkhead
Thomas delivered mail for a season and was also a Justice of the Peace.

Thomas C. visited Indiana and Missouri, leaving New Albany, Indiana, on March 28, 1843, got home (Gnadenhutten, OH) on April 4, 1843.    Gnudenhutten was a Moravian settlement of Christian Indians where in 1782 a group of white men massacred 96 inhabitants.  The town was started in Aug 1773 by a Moravian missionary by the name of Hecknewelder.  Thomas Hamilton was baptized into the Moravian faith by the same missionary.  Althought Thomas was a member of the Moravian Church, his son William and others decided to start a Methodist Church.  Thomas’ grandson, Frank Hamilton, said he grew up among the Moravians, the Methodists and the Indians.


Thomas died 23 Feb 1872 in Ohio.  He was buried in the Bersheba Cemetery across the river from Gnadenhutten, Ohio. 

Thomas Cleophas Hamilton Headstone



Thanks to Don Anderson, Seattle, Washington for the photo of Thomas' Headstone
and the photos of Hiriam Lewis Hamilton & Arminda Parrish Hamilton


The following is a series of letters transcribed by Mildred Skelly and Margaret Gaston in the 1960's and 1970's and added to by Richard Roberts in the 1990's and 2000's as additional letters became available. No changes were made to the spelling or grammar, but paragraphing was added to make reading easier.


Letter # 1

Letter Dated: October 29, 1809
From: Thomas Cleophas Hamilton
Living In: State of Ohio Tuscarawas County
To: Ruben Hamilton (Brother)
Living In: Lincolnton, Lincoln County, North Carolina

This letter is in the possession of the Washington County Historical Society, Salem, Indiana.  It was written by Thomas Hamilton of Ohio, to Reuben Hamilton of Lincolnton, North Carolina, - brothers of Archibald Hamilton II. Archibald probably brought it to Indiana with his personal possessions in 1817, which accounts for it being in this collection of letters.


Dear Brother:

     I take this present opportunity to write a few lines to let you know that we are all well at present hoping these few lines will find you all in the same state of health.  I have nothing strange to write to you. I can tell you I received your letter on the 23rd day of 4 October and read it with great satisfaction to hear that you was all doing well, only it made me some sorry to think of your buying such land as Gabriels old place when there is so much better land to be had and perhaps as cheap as that, and as for my brother Hamilton, Archibald, I wish him much joy and prosperity in the world, and my wife sends her best compliments to him and his wife. 

     You wrote to me to let you know when we had the first frost and I can tell you we had frost every month through the whole summer in some parts of the country, but not to do any harm. We had no frost to do any harm til last week - we had a middling hard frost.

     Further, I can inform you of an accident that happened on the first day of July last, to me and my brother-in-law. We was at a house-raising and we was on the house just finishing covering it and the buting pole turned and the whole roofe went down and we went down with it and got sorely hurt, and we are not rightly over it yet - both of our right arms got hurt very bad and they are not right well, but we can worke right well. The house was two story high.

     I can inform you that crops is very good in general through the country, but we have had no rain hardly this two months. It is the driest time that I ever saw here. Further, I can inform you that I lost a good mare about harvest. She run away I suppose and I have never heard a word of her since. and I hardly ever expect to get her again. I have one mare and last spring colt of hers. So I believe I have wrote all what I have to write at present.

     So, I remember my best love to all my friends and relation, and my wife sends her kind love to you also. So fare you well my friends. Please never forget to write to me for it is a great satisfaction to me to hear of you.

     Dear brother fale
(fail) not in coming to see me for I do not noe (know) when I shall get the chance to come to see you, for it is hard for me to get off.


Thomas (Cleopas)Hamilton
October the 29th, 1809

State of Ohio
Tuscarawas County


Letter # 2

Letter Dated: March 29, 1818
From: Thomas Cleophas Hamilton
Living In: State of Ohio Tuscarawas County
To: Archibald Hamilton II (Brother)
Living In: Washington County, State of Indiana - Salem Post Office 9

This letter is in the possession of the Washington County Historical Society, Salem, Indiana. It was written by Thomas Cleophas Hamilton of Ohio, to his brother, Archibald Hamilton II, of Washington County, IN. manuscript.


Dearly Beloved Brother and Sister:

     I take this opportunity to inform you that we are in a reasonable state of health at present, except myself and my wife - we are not so well as we would wish to be. But I hope these lines will find you and yours in good health.

     I received your letter of the fifteenth of March yesterday and read it with great satisfaction to hear that you and your family was all well, and also that you had moved into a fertile country. I will now inform you of the weather the last winter past. The autumn was very favorable but about the first of February there fell a snow two feet two inches deep and continues to be very rough weather still. The snow fell this last week four inches deep and it snowed some today.

     Dear Brother, I must inform you that I intend to move away from this place in the course of two or three years, and the state you now live in has been my aim for some time, but I intend to see it first myself, and judge for myself. I think if nothing happens to me and my family more than common that I shall see you perhaps before twelve months is round. Nevertheless, I wish you to write to me as soon as possible and let me know how you are doing, and also the price of horses and cows and produce in general; and what is your best way of making money; and also how the country is watered; and how you are off for mills.

     I have nothing more at present to write and my hand trembles badly. So me and my wife remembers our kind love to you and your family and also to Jacob Hartman, as I expect it is John Hartman's son whom I was well acquainted with. So, no more at present, but remain your loving brother til death.


Thomas Hamilton
March 29, 1818



Letter # 3

Letter Dated: February 17, 1825
From: Thomas Cleophas Hamilton
Living In: Beersheba, Ohio
To: Archibald Hamilton II (Brother)
Living In: Washington County, State of Indiana - Salem Post Office 9

This letter is in the possession of the Washington County Historical Society, Salem, Indiana.  It was written by Thomas Cleophas Hamilton of Ohio, to his brother, Archibald Hamilton II, of Washington County, IN.


Dear Brother and Sister,

     I take this opportunity to inform you that we are all in the land of the living for which we ought to be truly thankful for. The last two seasons past has been awfully sickly, and has swept off vast many of our neighbors.  My whole family had the fever and some of them most severely.  My wife was four days and nights that she knew nothing, we did not expect she would live many hours longer, but she has recovered again from the fever.  She still continues to have fits as usual, she is much racked in her senses, and is very crabed and fretful.  I tried the snail shells as you directed but without success.  I have also applied to several doctors without any success.

     I received a letter from Brother Reuben a few days since, they was all well at that time. He informed me that you were to see him last fall. He also informed me that Brother Ninian was married at last.

     I have nothing strange to write to you only we are likely to get a canal through our state, which I suppose will pass through the settlement where I live.  Should this come to pass it will be a good place of trade here.  The canal is to commence at the mouth of the Scioto River and extend to Lake Erie - a distance of upwards of three hundred miles. It is said this great work will begin this summer. Joy and success attend it I say.

     So, I must conclude with my best love to you and your family, and wish to be remembered to all my old acquaintances, and also wish you to write to me soon as possible - so no more at present, but remain your affectionate brother til
(till) death.


Thomas Hamilton


Letter # 4

Letter Dated: September 22, 1834
From: Thomas Cleophas Hamilton
Living In: Gnadenhutton, Ohio
To: Archibald Hamilton II (Brother)
Living In: Washington County, State of Indiana - Salem Post Office 9

[Remarks: The following letter to Archibald Hamilton II from his brother, Thomas Cleophas Hamilton, of Gnadenhutton, Ohio, was found among papers in possession of Lowell Boss, Salem, Indiana, a great-great grandson of Archibald Hamilton II. It had been preserved by his grandmother, Susannah (Baker) Boss, daughter of Valentine and Hamilton, Polly (Hamilton) Baker.]


Dear Brothers and friends:

     I once more have taken up my pen to inform you that we are all in the land of the living, but in bad health at present, as some of my children is now shaking with Ague, the fact is there is not one that is to say well in the family. There is a great many sick in this neighborhood at present and has been for two months past, and many have sunk to their long rest in the silent tomb. The deaths were principlely
(principally) children. The disease of which the most have died was the cholera morbus, and I might say the next thing to the cholera, though we have not had the cholera in our settlement, as yet.

     I had a son born the 15th day of July last and we call his name Hiram Lewis. My oldest son, A. A. Hamilton
(Archibald Alexander Hamilton) was married in March last to Karzia James - he lives on the place with me.  The rest of my children is all single and lives with me but one. We have plentiful crops of grain this year of all kinds, but fruit we have none. I have understood that there was plenty of fruit in your country - if it be so I wish you to inform me immediately and let me know what it can be had at per bushel - I mean dried apples and peaches, for if there should be plenty with you and could be bought reasonable I think it possible that I might make a trip there and buy two or three hundred bushels for they would sell well here as there is none in the State of Ohio, without there is on the west side adjoining Indiana.

     We had the hottest weather this summer that has ever been since I have lived in the state.  I still continue to carry the mail, I am so thronged with business that I am almost worn out. I have 15 months to carry the mail yet - should I live to get through with that I think I will try to settle up my business and take the world easier that what I have done heretofore, as I am growing old and my limbs begins to fail me very much, and besides I know this world is not long to be my place of abode, therefore, I wish to spend my latter days in peace and quietness, and meditation on better things as I am tired of the bustle of this world.

     I still act as Justice of the Peace, and have many tough disputes to settle, this summer - I had more of them than usual although there has been so much sickness and many deaths - it does seem it would put the fear of death on the survivors.  It is shocking to think of the depravity of the human heart, for there is many that go on as though this world was to be their everlasting abode, even death at their doors does not seem to daunt them.

     Dear friends I wish you all well and wish you to give my best respects to all my old acquaintances.

     I wish you to write to me immediately, answer my requests in the preceeding part of this letter, and any information respecting any of my friends will be joyfully received.  I therefore conclude with my best love to you all.


Thomas Hamilton


Letter # 5

Letter Dated: August 19, 1839
From: Thomas Cleophas Hamilton
Living In: Gnadenhutton, Ohio
To: Archibald Hamilton II and Ninian Beall Hamilton (Brothers)
Living In: Washington County, State of Indiana - Salem Post Office 9

My dear Brothers and Sisters:

     I hereby inform you that we are all reasonable well at present, hoping these lines may find you in the same state of health. I received your answer to my last letter in due time and was very glad to hear from you all, and at the same time, I truly sympathize with you on account of the loss of your children, for I may well say that I have had great trials in the same way. But it is the Lord's doings and we should not repine, but say, "thy will be done on earth as in heaven, O, Lord".

     Dear Ninian, you wrote in your last wishing to know whether I would come shortly to see you - to that I must say my situation is such that I do not know what to do, to go and leave my motherless children behind would take a harder heart that my body contains.  If I knew that I could get some assistance amongst you in the rearing of my children, I would like to come to see you this fall and spend some time with you and the rest of my friends in Indiana.  And, I also wish to go to see my old sister Margaret and explore that state and also Iowa Territory.

     Nephew James Hamilton
(Archibald II's son, James Bridges Hamilton) once wrote to me that horses sold very high there.  I wish to know if such is the case now, and what kind of horses would sell best, good able work horses or smart riding horses.  What would horses from 14-1/2 to 15 hands high, well made, be worth there?  I wish you in your answer to this letter to give me full information on the above requests.  And I earnestly request of you after the receipt of this letter not to let one mail leave your office without a letter enclosed for me.  I requested information of you in my last, respecting the rest of my brothers and sisters - you forgot to mention anything abut Rachael and Ruanna.  I wish to know what has become of them and also any other information respecting any of the rest of my friends that may be worth noticing, will be thankfully received by me.

     I forgot to mention in the proper place in this letter how many children I have - they are as follows - to wit - two girls, the oldest 12 years old the 27th day of last month, the youngest will be 10 years old tomorrow, 20th of August - two boys, the oldest in his sixth year, the other in his fourth, all healthy hearty children. The girls would be fully able to earn their victuals and clothes to anyone that had use for one of their size.

     I will now inform you of the crops in the country.  Corn, oats and wheat is first rate - it is thought by most people they never was better crops in Ohio, in fact everything is growing promises to yield an abundant crop and the merchants are taking advantage by it, so they have a great many in their debt - they calculate on giving very low prices, there is no established price as yet, some have sold their wheat for 75 cents and oats for 18-3/4 to 20 cents. I shall close now with my best respects to all with whom I have ever been acquainted with in your neighborhood.   


  Respectfully I subscribe my signature,
Your affectionate brother,

Thomas Hamilton


Letter # 6

Letter Dated: About 1841
From: Thomas Cleophas Hamilton
Living In: Gnadenhutton, Ohio
To: (Unknown)
Living In: (Unknown)

(Note: The following is a fragment of a letter that has been preserved with the Hamilton letters. The writer, and the address is absolutely unknown.  With the knowledge that Thomas Hamilton of Ohio made a trip to Missouri between 1840 and 1843, and the names mentioned fitting with his family - it is possible that Thomas Hamilton might have written this letter, especially since the writer mentions "our old sister Margaret", who was Margaret Lollar of Missouri. There were sisters, Mary and Elizabeth in Missouri also, whereabouts unknown. This could have been from one of them.)


Dear Nephew:

     It is with much pleasure I take my pen in hand to write a few lines to you to let you know that we are all in tolerable health at this time, hoping these few lines will find you and your family in good health. I have had the ague
[fever and chills of malaria] this spring which was the cause of my delay in writing to you - I set down to write but my head was in such a fix that I could not write.  I will inform you that I received your letter the 1st of March and was glad to hear from you all and to see that you had taken your pen in hand again to write to your friends.

     I will inform you that Archibald Hamilton, Jr.
[Archibald Hamilton III] left the Missouri this spring and come home to his father's after being gone nearly one year - and left this friends in tolerable health - but very sickly last fall.  Our old sister Margaret [Margaret Hamilton, b. after 1770 - d.3/27/1849, married to Jacob Lollar] was well and hearty.  Reuben Lollar [b.1799, son of Jacob and Margaret] talks of coming to see you all next fall.  I will further inform that cousin Ninian Hamilton [Ninian Beall Hamilton b.1739 - d.1831; RHR] is dead - has been dead about five years. James Hamilton [James Bridges Hamilton, b.10/16/1820 - d 10/26/1899; RHR], Archibald's [Archibald II; RHR] son, has had a very ...


(Remarks: The Archibald, Jr., spoken of in the above letter was Archibald III, the son of Archibald II, who lived near Pekin, Indiana. It was learned from a county history, published in 1878, found in the library at Murphysboro, Illinois, that Archibald, Jr., went to Missouri around 1839 and stayed for a short while. He was back in Indiana when he married his first wife, Mary Ellen Overton, on January 12, 1843)


Letter # 7

Letter Dated: April 17, 1843
From: Thomas Cleophas Hamilton
Living In: Gnadenhutton, Ohio
To: Ninian Beall Hamilton and Archibald Hamilton II (Brothers)
Living In: Washington County, State of Indiana - Salem Post Office 9

My dear Brothers and Sisters:

     It is with pleasure I take my pen in hand to let you know that I am still in the land and among the living.  My dear brother, Ninian, you will no doubt recollect that I parted with you at New Albany on Tuesday, the 28th of March last.  I went on to Louisville and got passage immediately on the steamer, boat, Little Mail, to Cincinnati for one dollar.  Arrived in Cincinnati about sunrise Wednesday, the 29th, made a bargain immediately with the captain of the steamboat, boat, Little Pike, bound for Wheeling, for $1.50.  Sailed same day at 10 o'clock a.m., and arrived Saturday, 1st of April about sunrise, and had barely time to make arrangements at the stage office till the stage was ready to start - paid $2.00, mounted the stage bag and baggage, and in about six hours found myself in sight of my father-in-laws, 32 miles from Wheeling.  Here I stopped and stayed til (till) Tuesday, the 4th instant, when I started on foot for home a distance of between 25 and 30 miles and notwithstanding the badness of the roads, I reached home some time before night.  And just as I had prodicted
(predicted) we had a shout on my arrival here.  I most heartily thanked God for preserving me through dangers seen and unseen and permitting me once more to return home in safety to the bosom of my family.  I found them all in good health and doing well, I trust both for soul and body.

     My son-in-law, Presley Kail, got converted in my absence and has become truly humble, and also my daughter, Ruanna has been converted since I left home.  There has been meetings almost continually through the winter here and they still continue, and great good has been done.

     There has been great many deaths since I left here - the winter has been long and cold, much like it was in Indiana and Missouri.  When you write to me, I wish you to let me know how it went with Peter Monicle.  I must conclude with my best respects to you all - hoping you will not for get to write me in due time.  No more at present.


Thomas Hamilton


N. B. - I want you to write immediately to me and let me know how James [Bridges Hamilton] and Elisha [Hamilton] has got and all the rest.


Letter # 8

Letter Dated: January 1, 1864
From: Thomas Cleophas Hamilton (age 79)
Living In: Lawrence, Washington County, Ohio
To: Ninian Beall Hamilton, Jr. (Nephew - age 28)
Living In: Washington County, Ohio

This letter was actually written by Thomas Cleophas Hamilton's daughter-in-law, Arminda (Parrish) Hamilton,  for him.  The letter states that he is almost blind and writes his name - even though he can't see the letters he write.


Dear Mr. Hamilton:

     I seat myself to answer that letter my father-in-law received of you last summer - it found him in tolerable good health, but almost blind. You informed him of the death of his brother and sister - he would like to know what sickness they died with, and where the rest of the family is, and the rest of your father's family. He wants to know your father's postoffice. You must excuse us for not writing sooner for we are poor writers. If he could have seen to write he would have written immediately, and he said he would like to see you the best in the world. Yours respectfully - daddy is agoin to write his name and can't see a letter he makes.


Thomas Hamilton


To N. B. Hamilton (Jr.)

Direct you letter to Lawrence,
Washington County, Ohio

This is a piece of Tommy's
(Thomas Cleophas Hamilton) hair - you can see how black it is for a man of his age. The first of February, if he lives to see it, will complete his fore (four) score years.


Arminda (Parrish) Hamilton
(writer of the letter)


Remarks: The deaths referred to in the above letter were those of Archibald (Archibald Hamilton II) and his wife, Susannah (Bridges) Hamilton. Archibald died on April 4, 1860, and Susannah on October 27, 1862. They had come to Indiana in 1817. MS

A letter dated January 18, 1864, written by Ninian Hamilton, jr. stated he received the lock of hair referred to in the above letter written by Arminda Hamilton of Ohio. MS




Thanks to Richard Roberts for the additional information on the Hamilton Family as well as the Hamilton Letters.
You can contact Richard at rob95536@yahoo.com .


Thanks to Don Anderson, Seattle, Washington for the photos of Hiram Lewish Hamilton & Arminda Parrish Hamilton.  You can contact Don at d0randers@gmail.com .

If you have photos or additional information about the Hamilton family, please contact me.